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전세계 언어 네트워크 (네트워크 관점에서의 언어 영향력) 본문

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전세계 언어 네트워크 (네트워크 관점에서의 언어 영향력)

PNAS논문은 공짜입니다.

Links that speak: The global language network and its association with global fame


Shahar Ronen, Bruno Gonçalves, Kevin Z. Hu, Alessandro Vespignani, Steven Pinker, and César A. Hidalgo

PNAS December 30, 2014. 111 (52) E5616-E5622; published ahead of print December 15, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1410931111

Edited by Kenneth W. Wachter, University of California, Berkeley, CA, and approved November 13, 2014 (received for review June 11, 2014)


This article has a letter. Please see:

Relationship between Research Article and Letter - April 14, 2015

Article Figures & SI Authors & Info  PDF

Significance


People have long debated about the global influence of languages. The speculations that fuel this debate, however, rely on measures of language importance—such as income and population—that lack external validation as measures of a language’s global influence. Here we introduce a metric of a language’s global influence based on its position in the network connecting languages that are co-spoken. We show that the connectivity of a language in this network, after controlling for the number of speakers of a language and their income, remains a strong predictor of a language’s influence when validated against two independent measures of the cultural content produced by a language’s speakers.


Abstract


Languages vary enormously in global importance because of historical, demographic, political, and technological forces. However, beyond simple measures of population and economic power, there has been no rigorous quantitative way to define the global influence of languages. Here we use the structure of the networks connecting multilingual speakers and translated texts, as expressed in book translations, multiple language editions of Wikipedia, and Twitter, to provide a concept of language importance that goes beyond simple economic or demographic measures. We find that the structure of these three global language networks (GLNs) is centered on English as a global hub and around a handful of intermediate hub languages, which include Spanish, German, French, Russian, Portuguese, and Chinese. We validate the measure of a language’s centrality in the three GLNs by showing that it exhibits a strong correlation with two independent measures of the number of famous people born in the countries associated with that language. These results suggest that the position of a language in the GLN contributes to the visibility of its speakers and the global popularity of the cultural content they produce.



http://language.media.mit.edu/visualizations/books



Source - http://serious-science.org/videos/428

MIT Prof. Cesar Hidalgo on multilingualism, hierarchy of the language networks, and cross-lingual 

자동자막을 표시할 수 있습니다.




세계를 알기 위해서, 외국어공부합시다. :)




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