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수소경제관련글 두 가지 (독일, 영국) 조금 인용 본문

저전력, 전기요금/신재생 에너지

수소경제관련글 두 가지 (독일, 영국) 조금 인용

구글검색한 문서 두 가지입니다.

재미있는 그림이 몇 장 보여 인용합니다. 원래는 앞 글 끝에 붙였던 것인데, 분량이 많아져 나눕니다.


* 포스코와 KB의 경제경영연구소에서 나온 국내문서는 앞 글에 링크하고 조금 적었습니다.



먼저 독일것. 기승전수소경제.. "에너지로든 물질로든 땅속에서 유기탄소화합물을 채굴해 쓰면 죄악"이란 느낌이군요. ^^


Hydrogen – the Key to the Overall Energy Turnaround

Production and Application Examples in North Rhine-Westphalia

H2englisch2014_Inhalt_140529.pdf








그 다음으로,

KB연구소 보고서에 언급된 영국 사례(H21 Leeds City Gate 시범사업)에 관한 문서 하나.

https://www.northerngasnetworks.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/H21-Report-Interactive-PDF-July-2016.compressed.pdf

5장, 6장을 몇 쪽 훑어봤는데, 앞서 인용한 독일문서가 '기승전 수소갑시다!'하는 홍보성이 짙다면, 이 영국문서는 차분한 느낌.


Contents

Executive Summary 1

The Results 3

General Considerations 8


1. Introduction 10

1.1. UK Gas Transportation Network Operation 11

1.2. UK Gas Transportation Network Ownership 16

1.3. H21 Leeds City Gate Project Origins 18

1.4. The Original and Amended H21 Leeds City Gate Project Concept 21

1.5. The Area of Conversion 24


2. Demand vs. Supply 28

2.1. Gas Demand in the Area of Conversion 28

2.2. Supply System Characteristics 43

2.3. Hydrogen Generation Method (Production) 47

2.4. Hydrogen Supply for the Leeds Conversion Area 55

2.5. Storage – Balancing Supply and Demand 61

2.6. Location of the Hydrogen Production Facilities (SMRs) and Salt Caverns 76

2.7. Demand vs. Supply Conclusions 83


3. Gas Network Capacity 85

3.1. The Gas Industry Below Seven Bar Planning Software 86

3.2. The Steps for Analysis 88

3.3. Natural Gas to Hydrogen Conversion on the MP (blue) Network 94

3.4. Natural Gas to Hydrogen Conversion on the LP (red) Network 100

3.5. Network Capacity Conclusions 110


4. Gas Network Conversion 113

4.1. The Process 115

4.2. Network Enabling Costs for Conversion 137


5. Appliance Conversion 139

5.1. Domestic 142

5.2. Non-Domestic (Industry, Public and Commercial) 148

5.3. Switchover Cost Estimates – All Sectors 153

5.4. Conclusions 154

5.5. Properties of Hydrogen 155

5.6. Types of Hydrogen Combustion 162

5.7. Current Status of Hydrogen Appliances and Equipment 170

5.8. Conclusions 182


6. The Hydrogen Transmission System 184

6.1. HTS Teesside Connections 188

6.2. B and C – The Hydrogen Transmission Pipelines 193

6.3. Connections to the Leeds Distribution Network 201

6.4. Operating Costs (OPEX) 205

6.5. Hydrogen Transportation System Conclusions 206


7. Carbon Capture and Storage 208

7.1. UK Carbon Capture and Storage position 209

7.2. Teesside Collective Report

(Taken from the 2015 Industrial CCS on Teesside Business Case) 212

7.3. Carbon Capture from Steam Methane Reformers

Using a Post-combustion Scrub of the Flue Gases 214

7.4. Carbon Footprint of H21 System 219

7.5. Conclusion 227


8. Finance and Regulation 229

8.1. Summary of Costs for the H21 Leeds City Gate project 230

8.2. Hydrogen Conversion – The Regulatory Finance Model 231

8.3. Hydrogen Gas Cost per Kilowatt Hour 257

8.4. Cost per Tonne of Carbon Saved 263

8.5. Financial Conclusions 265

8.6. Regulatory Considerations 266


9. Next Steps – The Programme of Works 269


10. The H21 Roadmap 275

10.1. The Existing System 278

10.2. Work Package Descriptions 280

10.3. Work Package Summary 319


11. The H21 Rollout Vision 321

11.1. Incremental Hydrogen Economy Rollout 321

11.2. The Impact of Other Forms of Decarbonised Gas 347

11.3. Hydrogen Production – Market ‘Push and Pull’ 349

11.4. Carbon Capture 353

11.5. H21 Vision Conclusions 361


Schedules 362

Chart Schedule 363

Image Schedule 365

Table Schedule 371


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